Developmental Milestones/Developments to Date:
Current Assessment/State of the Field:
Palmer, Doug, “Iran escalating efforts to destabilize region – Panetta,” February 1, 2013. Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/02/us-usa-iran-panetta-idUSBRE91102D20130202?feedType=RSS& last checked February 3, 2013.
- ”Yemeni forces intercepted a ship on January 23 carrying a large cache of weapons – including surface-to-air missiles – that U.S. officials suspect were being smuggled from Iran and destined for Yemeni insurgents.”
- ”Yemen’s government said the arms intercepted aboard the ship off the country’s coast also included military-grade explosives, rocket-propelled grenades and bomb-making equipment.”
- ”Panetta said the United States was stepping up efforts to counter the Iranian threat, and was leading a multinational exercise in the United Arab Emirates through Thursday to improve the interdiction of Iranian arms and other weapons.”
- ”U.S. officials have said the anti-aircraft weapons intercepted on January 23 likely were headed to northern Yemen’s Houthi separatists, who are fighting the U.S.-backed government in Sanaa and have also clashed with Saudi forces.”
Steenhuvsen, Julie, “Exclusive: Specter of SARS weighs on CDC as MERS virus lands in U.S.,” Reuters, May 4, 2014. Available at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/05/05/us-usa-health-mers-cdc-exclusive-idUSKBN0DK0LR20140505, Last checked May 4, 2014.
- ”MERS is caused by a coronavirus, a family of viruses that includes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS, which emerged in China in 2002-2003 and killed some 800 people.”
- ”The patient is a healthcare worker who on April 28 was admitted to the hospital just 30 minutes south of Chicago after having worked in healthcare in Saudi Arabia, the center of the MERS outbreak that began in 2012. So far, 262 people in 12 countries have had confirmed infections that have been reported by the World Health Organization, and another 100 MERS patients have been confirmed by other ministries of health. So far, 93 people have died.”
- ”To keep the infection from spreading within the hospital, the man is being treated in an isolation room from which air is expelled through a filter, preventing it from being shared in the hallway.”
- ”Despite the best efforts, however, hospitals remain a major source of infection. In March, the CDC reported that roughly one of every 25 U.S. hospital patients contracts an infection during their stay.”
- ”As for treatments, there are no specific drugs that can treat MERS, but there are basic treatments that can help the patient fight off the infection, including oxygen, which can reduce the burden on the lungs.”
- ”’The good news is that it’s a group of viruses that have a very delicate envelope or membrane on the outside. Because of that, the virus tends to be rapidly inactivated by disinfectants,’ Bell said.”
- ”Since March of 2014, there has been a spike in the number of cases reported in Saudi Arabia. Bell said it is not clear whether that represents a change in the virus that makes it easier to spread, or an increase in the number of cases being reported to health officials.’
- ”At this point, the CDC has not issued any restrictions on air travel, but Bell said the case makes clear just how easily infections can spread. He recommends that people traveling through airports try to limit what they touch, and wash their hands frequently.”